White-throated Needletail

Scientific Name: Hirundapus caudacutus
Malay Name: Lelayang-Besar Utara
Chinese Name: 白喉针尾雨燕

Found from Siberia to Central and Northeast Asia and winters to the Indian subcontinent, Southern China, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand

Polytypic. Subspecies are: caudacutus, nudipes

Local Subspeciesnudipes

Size: 21-22 cm

Identification: Resembles the other two migratory Needletail species with cigar-shaped body but has the diagnostic clearly defined white throat. Juvenile has less glossy underparts.

Similar looking species: Brown-backed Needletail, Silver-backed Needletail

Habitat: Forested and open areas.

Behaviour/Ecology: Forages aerially and has also been observed to roost in trees.

Local Status: Very rare vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

Location: Sightings at Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (Summit) in April 2008, Henderson Waves in October 2017 and Jelutong Tower in October 2017.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia