Scientific Name: Halcyon smyrnensis
Malay Name: Pekaka Rengkung Putih
Chinese Name: 白胸翡翠
Found from Egypt, Turkey, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: smyrnensis, fusca, perpulchra, saturatior, fokiensis, gularis.
Local Subspecies: perpulchra
Size: 27.5-29.5 cm
Adult has dark chestnut head, flanks and belly with contrasting whitish throat and centre of breast, mostly turquoise-blue mantle, wings and tail, dark chestnut/blackish wing-coverts and reddish bill. Juvenile has duller upperparts, browner bill and dark vermiculations on throat and breast.
Similar looking species: Black-capped Kingfisher
Habitat: Parks, gardens and wooded areas near open grass patches, water-bodies, canals, rivers and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, lizards, insects and small amphibians.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
Location: Any patch of suitable habitat.
BirdLife International. (2017). Halcyon smyrnensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.