Scientific Name: Amaurornis phoenicurus
Malay Name: Ruak-ruak Biasa
Chinese Name: 白胸苦恶鸟
Found from the Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Southeast Asia with northern population wintering in Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: phoenicurus, insularis, leucomelana
Local Subspecies: phoenicurus
Size: 28.5-36 cm
Identification: Adult has white face and underparts contrasting with dark slaty-grey upperparts, chestnut undertail-coverts and distinctive yellowish-green bill with red base. Juvenile has browner upperparts, dark spots on ear-coverts and less white over eye.
Habitat: Various kinds of well-vegetated wetlands, pools and streams in open forest, mangroves and adjacent open areas, track, roadsides, gardens and parks.
Behaviour/Ecology: Not shy and frequently forages in the open.
Local Status: Common resident and migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Any patch of suitable habitat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore