Scientific Name: Ixobrychus eurhythmus
Malay Name: Gelam Belakang Coklat
Chinese Name: 紫背苇鳽
Alternative Name(s): Chestnut Bittern, Schrenck’s Bittern
Found from Siberia, Korea, Japan to eastern China and winters in southern China and Southeast Asia
Size: 39-42 cm
Male has dark chestnut upperparts contrasting strongly with mostly buffish underparts and wing-coverts. Female and juvenile resembles Cinnamon Bittern but has the distinctive black median crown stripe and much bolder white to buff speckling and spotting on upperparts and upperwing-coverts.
Similar looking species: Cinnamon Bittern
Habitat: Freshwater marshes, forest streams, well-vegetated ponds and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Similar to other bitterns where it perches motionless for long periods before feeding.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Lower Pierce Reservoir, Tuas South, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh and Satay by the Bay.
BirdLife International. (2016). Ixobrychus eurhythmus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22697317A93607859.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.