Scientific Name: Dicaeum trigonostigma
Malay Name: Sepah-Puteri Perut Jingga
Chinese Name: 橙腹啄花鸟
Found from Bangladesh to Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rubropygium, trigonostigma, antioproctum, megastoma, flaviclunis, dayakanum, xanthopygium, intermedium, cnecolaemum, sibuyanicum, dorsale, besti, pallidius, cinereigulare, isidroi, assimile, sibutuense.
Local Subspecies: trigonostigma
Size: 9 cm
Male is distinctive, and shows slaty-blue upperparts (crown/nape/wings/tail) except for a large triangular orange patch on the mantle. It has a fairly thin and short bill that is slightly curved downwards at the tip. Upper-breast and throat are a lighter greyish blue; from the lower breast to the vent is a gradient from fiery orange (on the lower breast) to yellow (on the vent). Female is much duller, and is mostly drab olive brown overall, except for its pale orange rump and yellow belly.
Habitat: Forested area and forest edge.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on flowers and fruits.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and Bukit Batok Nature Park.
- Local extinctions of Singapore birds (Science)
BirdLife International. (2016). Dicaeum trigonostigma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22717519A94537073.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.