Scientific Name: Caprimulgus jotaka
Malay Name: Tukang Kelabu Timur
Chinese Name: 普通夜鹰
Breeding Range: Himalayas to East and South-east Asia.
Nonbreeding Range: Indian subcontinent, mainland South-East Asia to Indonesia and Philippines.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: jotaka, hazarae.
Size: 28-32 cm
Dark, greyish bird. Smaller and with a darker crown compared to Large-tailed.
Male: No rufescent tinge on nape, heavier black vermiculation on upperparts. Smaller white throat patch. Darker breast, scapulars less contrasting, with black, buff and whitish bars overall; show less obvious whitish to buff bars across wing coverts. In flight, small white wing patches and tail patches.
Female: Wing patches smaller than male and buff, and lack any obvious white tail patches.
Habitat: On migration, found in primary forest, secondary growth, plantations and wooded parks.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually seen perched on taller tree branches in daytime. Active nighttime.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page ↗
Photos: Oriental Bird Images ↗
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link ↗
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link ↗
eBird Species page: eBird (Gray Nightjar) ↗
BirdLife International. (2016). Caprimulgus jotaka. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22725702A94899999.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.