Eurasian Whimbrel

Scientific Name: Numenius phaeopus
Malay Name: Kendi Gajah Erasia
Chinese Name: 中杓鹬

Breeding in the sub-Arctic region of Asia and Europe.  Winters in Africa, south Asia and into Australasia.

Polytypic. Subspecies are: islandicus, phaeopus, alboaxillaris, rogachevae, variegatus.

Local Subspecies: phaeopus (Common migrant)

Size: 40-46 cm

A fairly large greyish-brown bird with with a long, decurved bill witrh a kink. Prominent black lateral crown stripe and eyestripe. Broad whitish supercillium and buffish-white neck and breast with dark streaks. Legs and feet dull grey. Although large, it is considered mid-sized compared to other curlews. Compared to the larger curlews, it has a shorter bill.

Similar looking species: Eurasian Curlew, Far Eastern Curlew

Habitat: Winters mainly along the coastline, coastal wetlands, mangroves, marshes and larger rivers.

Behaviour/Ecology: A gregarious species that feed mainly on invertebrates by probing, and picking up occasional small crabs and similar prey.

Local Status: Common migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Mandai Mudflats, Chek Jawa at Pulau Ubin and any other mudflats.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

BirdLife International. (2016). Numenius phaeopus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.