Curlew Sandpiper

Scientific Name: Calidris ferruginea

Malay Name: Kedidi Paruh Lengkuk

Chinese Name: 弯嘴滨鹬

Range: Breeds Arctic Siberia; winters to sub-Saharan Africa east to southeast Asia.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 19-21.5 cm

Identification: Medium-sized sandpiper with long, downcurved bill. In non-breeding plumage, shows clear contrasting white supercilium (unlike Dunlin, which has a weak or indistinct supercilium). See Broad-billed Sandpiper for differences. In breeding plumage, head, neck, and underparts mostly rufous; upperparts washed with gray and rufous tones. Birds in early migratory season (July-August) often display patches of rufous on breast and upper belly.

Similar looking species: Broad-billed Sandpiper

Habitat: Mudflats, sandflats, and brackish lagoons.

Behaviour/Ecology: Picks prey from surface of mud, occasionally probing.

Local Status: Rare migrant

Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Sightings over the last 10 years were reported from Chek Jawa, Sungei Buloh, Mandai Mudflats, and Pulau Tekong.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
Peak week Oct 22-Oct 28
Early date 21 Jul 1996
Late date 21 Jun 1992
An increasingly scarce wader with only a handful of birds in recent years. Look out for birds in partial breeding plumage (with rufous patches on underparts) in July and August.


BirdLife International. (2017). Calidris ferruginea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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