Curlew Sandpiper

Scientific Name: Calidris ferruginea
Malay Name: Kedidi Paruh Lengkuk
Chinese Name: 弯嘴滨鹬

Breeds Arctic Siberia; winters to sub-Saharan Africa east to southeast Asia.


Size: 19-21.5 cm

Medium-sized sandpiper with long, downcurved bill. In non-breeding plumage, shows clear contrasting white supercilium (unlike Dunlin, which has a weak or indistinct supercilium). See Broad-billed Sandpiper for differences. In breeding plumage, head, neck, and underparts mostly rufous; upperparts washed with gray and rufous tones. Birds in early migratory season (July-August) often display patches of rufous on breast and upper belly.

Similar looking species: Broad-billed Sandpiper

Habitat: Mudflats, sandflats, and brackish lagoons.

Behaviour/Ecology: Picks prey from surface of mud, occasionally probing.

Local Status: Uncommon migrant

Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Sightings over the last 10 years were reported from Chek Jawa, Sungei Buloh, Mandai Mudflats, and Pulau Tekong.

Featured reports: Oct 2022, Nov 2022, Dec 2022

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

BirdLife International. (2017). Calidris ferruginea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.