Tree Pipit -Draft

Scientific Name: Anthus trivialis
Malay Name: Apit-apit Pokok Barat
Chinese Name: 林鹨

Range:
Breeds in the Palearctic from eastern Europe to northwest China. Winters primarily in Africa and India.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: trivialis, haringtoni.

Size: 15-16.5 cm

Identification:
Underparts: Well marked narrow black streaks across the chest/breast on a warm buff base. Streaks do not extend strongly onto the flanks

Upperparts: warm buff/brown, with dark centred feathers giving a well marked, but not strongly contrasting, appearance. A well marked row of greater primary coverts were slightly darker centred and paler fringed than surrounding feathers, producing a clear (but not bold) wing bar.

Similar looking species: Olive-backed Pipit, Red-throated Pipit, Paddyfield Pipit

Habitat: Open woodland, scrub and grass.

Behaviour/Ecology:
Spends most time walking through long grass foraging for invertebrates with a horizontal gait and occasionally giving gentle tail pumps (which is also a feature of Olive-backed Pipit). Flies with a strong bounding flight into mid-canopy of trees where it would perch, rest and preen before returning to feeding on the ground.

Local Status: Probable vagrant.

Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Location: One bird that was first seen on 23 October 2021 at a mixed grass patch and wooded area at the junction of Clementi Road and Ulu Pandan Road is a probable first national record.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

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