White-crowned Hornbill

Scientific Name: Berenicornis comatus

Malay Name: Enggang Bulu

Chinese Name: 白冠犀鸟

Range: Found from Sumatra and Borneo, as well as from southern Myanmar and Thailand to Johor, but getting increasingly scarce throughout its range.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 75-80cm

Identification: A large, distinctive hornbill. In all plumages, shows mostly black upperparts with spiky white crest and white tail, and relatively small yellowish casque. Sexes are distinguished by underpart colouration: white in males, and black for females and juveniles. 

Habitat: Generally occupies primary lowland forest, while occasionally recorded in more degraded habitats including secondary forest and plantations.

Behaviour/Ecology: Diet comprises a large amount of animal food, including snakes and small birds, in addition to fruits.

Local Status: Very rare visitor

Conservation Status: Endangered (BirdLife International 2018)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Records currently under review are also not displayed. For a full list, click here.


BirdLife International. (2018). Berenicornis comatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22682507A132272549.en. Accessed on 16 April 2023

Kemp, A. C. & Boesman, P. F. D. (2020). White-crowned Hornbill (Berenicornis comatus), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whchor2.01