Whiskered Tern

Scientific Name: Chlidonias hybrida
Malay Name: Camar Tasik Bermisai Biasa
Chinese Name: 须浮鸥

Range:
Found from Africa to southern Europe, temperate Asia and discontinuously to southern Australia. Northern population winters to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: hybrida, delalandii, javanicus.

Local Subspecies: hybrida

Size: 24-28 cm

Identification:
Non-breeding adult has relatively short, blackish bill, mask, hindcrown and nape, white crown with dark streaks at rear, dark reddish legs/feet, shortish shallow forked tail and uniform grey upperside. Breeding adult has dark red bill/legs/feet and black forehead to nape. Juvenile resembles non-breeding adult but has buff-brown markings on scapulars and back.

Similar looking species: White-winged Tern

Habitat: Open seas, coastal habitats, mudflats, marshes and reservoirs.

Behaviour/Ecology: Usually seen with White-winged and Little Terns. Feeds largely by skimming low over water surface.

Local Status: Uncommon migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Lorong Halus, Kranji Reservoir, Straits of Johor and Straits of Singapore.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2017). Chlidonias hybrida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.