Scientific Name: Circaetus gallicus
Malay Name: Helang-Ular Utara
Chinese Name: 短趾雕
Found from southwest Europe to northwest Africa, Middle East, Indian Subcontinent, northern China with some northern populations wintering south to tropical Africa and mainland Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: gallicus, sacerdotis.
Local Subspecies: gallicus
Size: 62-67 cm
Pale morph adult has greyish-brown upperparts, rounded brownish head, yellowish eyes, pale underparts with faint dark markings, whitish underwing with some dark barring and pale tail with three dark bands. Dark morph individual resembles pale morph but has distinctive dark hood.
Similar looking species: Changeable Hawk-Eagle
Habitat: Reclaimed land, wooded grassland, open country and forest.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually observed soaring and circling at great heights.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Recent confirmed sightings were at Changi (Dec 2012), Central Catchment Forest (a dark morph individual on Oct 2013) and Tuas South (Nov 2013).
BirdLife International. (2016). Circaetus gallicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.