Scientific Name: Caprimulgus affinis
Malay Name: Tukang Padang
Chinese Name: 林夜鹰
Breeding Range: Resident in Indian subcontinent, southern China, Taiwan, Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi. Scarce to uncommon resident in South-east Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: monticolus, amoyensis, stictomus, affinis, propinquus, timorensis, griseatus, mindanensis.
Local Subspecies: affinis
Size: 25-25.5 cm
Smallest and palest local nightjar. Upperparts uniform and heavily vermiculated brownish-grey. Lesser coverts brown speckled pale buff, rest of wing coverts paler, boldly spotted pale buff, scapulars blackish brown, broadly edged buff/whitish on outer web. Male: White outer tail feathers. Large white wing patches. Distinct roundish white/buff-white patch on each side of throat.
Female: Lack white outer tail feathers. Smaller and buff wing patches,
Habitat: Open grassland, barren land, scrub and sometimes urban areas resting on roofs of buildings.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually seen resting on the ground in daytime. Active in nighttime.
Local Status: Uncommon resident.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
BirdLife International. (2016). Caprimulgus affinis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22689985A93255114.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.