Ruddy Kingfisher

Scientific Name: Halcyon coromanda
Malay Name: Pekaka Belacan
Chinese Name: 赤翡翠

Found from Indian subcontinent, China, Korea, Japan to Southeast Asia with more northerly populations wintering south

Polytypic. Subspecies are: coromanda, major, bangsi, mizorhina, minor, linae, claudiae, rufa, pelingensis, sulana.

Local Subspecies: minor (resident), coromanda (migrant)

Size: 26.5-27 cm

Adult has bright rufescent plumage, violet-tinged upperside, bluish-white patch on lower back and rump and bright red bill. Juvenile has browner upperparts, brilliant blue (less whitish) lower back and rump, narrow dark brown bars on underparts and brownish orange bill.

Habitat: Forest, forest edge, wooded areas and mangroves.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, crustaceans, and large insects. When in habitat with less running water, they are known to take frogs and other amphibians.

Local Status: Rare migrant and rare resident.

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Central Catchment Forest, Japanese Garden, Bidadari, Pulau Ubin and Sungei Buloh.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

BirdLife International. (2016). Halcyon coromanda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.