Ruddy-breasted Crake

Scientific Name: Zapornia fusca

Malay Name: Sintar-Kecil Belacan Biasa

Chinese Name: 红胸田鸡

Range: Found from Pakistan to India, China, Japan and Southeast Asia

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: fusca, zeylonica, phaeopyga, erythrothorax.

Local Subspecies: fusca

Size: 21-26.5 cm

Identification: Distinguished from Red-legged Crake by plain wings, cold dark olive-brown upperparts, deep reddish-chestnut underparts, indistinct whitish-and-blackish vent-bars and green-based dark bill. Juvenile resembles adult but has darker upperparts and brownish-grey bars/mottlings at underparts.

Similar looking species: Red-legged Crake, Band-bellied Crake

Habitat: Freshwater wetlands and wet grasslands at the edge of ditches and canals.

Behaviour/Ecology: Active mainly at dusk and in the early morning when they will forage at the edges of reedbeds and short distance from dense cover.

Local Status: Uncommon resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Lorong Halus, Kranji Marsh, Bishan Park, Tampines Eco Green, Punggol Barat, Marina Barrage and Gardens by the Bay.


BirdLife International. (2016). Zapornia fusca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

Taylor, B. (1998). Rails: A Guide to Rails, Crakes, Gallinules and Coots of the World. Yale University Press.

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