Northern Shoveler

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Spatula clypeata

Malay Name: Itik-Sudu Utara

Chinese Name: 琵嘴鸭

Alternative Name(s): Shoveller, Common Shoveller, Red Shoveller

Range: Found from Europe to North Africa, temperate Asia and North America, wintering to Equatorial Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia, Philippines, Central and South America.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 43-52 cm

Identification: Male has long, wide, spatula-shaped bill, dark green head and upper neck, white breast, chestnut flanks and black tail-coverts. Female and juvenile can be easily distinguished from other duck species from the distinctive bill shape.

Habitat: Lakes, rivers, marshes and various wetland habitats.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds in very shallow water, using its bill to sift through the mud for minute aquatic animals, plants and seeds.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

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Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2019). Spatula clypeata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.