Scientific Name: Spatula clypeata
Malay Name: Itik-Sudu Utara
Chinese Name: 琵嘴鸭
Alternative Name(s): Shoveller , Common Shoveller, Red Shoveller
Found from Europe to North Africa, temperate Asia and North America, wintering to Equatorial Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia, Philippines, Central and South America.
Size: 43-52 cm
Male has long, wide, spatula-shaped bill, dark green head and upper neck, white breast, chestnut flanks and black tail-coverts. Female and juvenile can be easily distinguished from other duck species from the distinctive bill shape.
Habitat: Lakes, rivers, marshes and various wetland habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds in very shallow water, using its bill to sift through the mud for minute aquatic animals, plants and seeds.
Local Status: Very rare migrant.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Most recent sighting was at Sungei Buloh Mainhide on 27 Dec 2008. Previous sightings were at Serangoon Estuary (present day Lorong Halus) in 1983, 1993, 1999 & 2000, Poyan Reservoir in 1988 and Sungei Buloh in 1997.
BirdLife International. (2019). Spatula clypeata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.