Marsh Sandpiper

Scientific Name: Tringa stagnatilis

Malay Name: Kedidi Paya

Chinese Name: 泽鹬

Range: Breeds from eastern Europe to eastern Siberia and northeast China; winters in sub-Saharan Africa through the Indian Subcontinent and southeast Asia.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 22-25 cm

Identification: A medium-sized wader with a distinctive pencil-thin bill and long legs. Like Common Greenshank, lightly spotted (breeding plumage) or clean white (non-breeding plumage) below, with greyish-brown upperparts and yellow legs. Differs, however, from that species by its thin and straight (rather than slightly upturned) bill; overall, Marsh is smaller-bodied and more elegant.

Similar looking species: Common Greenshank

Habitat: Mudflats, sandflats, and brackish lagoons.

Behaviour/Ecology: Joins flocks of other waders; often found with Common Greenshanks. Normally wades in shallow water.

Local Status: Rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Numbers declining rapidly (from counts exceeding 500 in the '90s, to a maximum of 22 through 2020), although still more or less annual at Sungei Buloh at least in September and October, when species makes its fall passage through Singapore. Also recorded at Chek Jawa, Seletar Dam, and Mandai Mudflats.

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Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
Peak week Oct 01-Oct 07
Early date 15 Jul 2000
Late date 13 May 2000
This species is best looked for in September and early October, but first arrivals are as early as August. Often seen alongside the more numerous Common Greenshanks, from which it can be told by its pencil-thin, straight bill and longer legs.


BirdLife International. (2016). Tringa stagnatilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P., & Kirwan, G. M. (2020). Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

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