Lesser Kestrel

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Falco naumanni

Malay Name: Rajawali-Padang Cakar Pudar

Chinese Name: 黄爪隼

Range: Found from northwestern Africa, southern Europe, temperate Asia, Middle-East, northern China to southern Siberia and winters to sub-Saharan Africa and rarely to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 29-32 cm

Identification: Male resembles Common Kestrel but has plain bluish grey crown/nape/head-sides, plain rufous-chestnut mantle and median coverts and plainer vinous-tinged warm buff underparts with fewer, rounder markings. Female also resembles Common Kestrel but has indistinct moustachial/cheek stripe and no dark line behind eye. Subadult male resembles adult male but may show some dark bars on upperwing coverts and uppertail.

Similar looking species: Common Kestrel

Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and grasslands.


Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Records currently under review are also not displayed. For a full list, click here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2021). Falco naumanni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22696357A205768513.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.