Scientific Name: Falco naumanni
Malay Name: Rajawali-Padang Cakar Pudar
Chinese Name: 黄爪隼
Found from northwestern Africa, southern Europe, temperate Asia, Middle-East, northern China to southern Siberia and winters to sub-Saharan Africa and rarely to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Size: 29-32 cm
Male resembles Common Kestrel but has plain bluish grey crown/nape/head-sides, plain rufous-chestnut mantle and median coverts and plainer vinous-tinged warm buff underparts with fewer, rounder markings. Female also resembles Common Kestrel but has indistinct moustachial/cheek stripe and no dark line behind eye. Subadult male resembles adult male but may show some dark bars on upperwing coverts and uppertail.
Similar looking species: Common Kestrel
Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and grasslands.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
Location: There were only three confirmed sightings. The first was a male and at least one female seen on 4 Jan 2001 at Changi Coast Road followed by 4 birds seen again at Changi Coast Road on 18 Feb 2001. The last sighting was a subadult male photographed at Changi Cove on March 2010.
BirdLife International. (2018). Falco naumanni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.