Scientific Name: Larus fuscus
Malay Name: Camar-Titik Erasia
Chinese Name: 小黑背银鸥
Breeds in North America and the western Palearctic. Winters along the coasts from west Africa, the middle east, and the Indian subcontinent. Rare in east and southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: graellsii, intermedius, fuscus, heuglini, barabensis.
Local Subspecies: heuglini
From other gulls that have been recorded in Singapore before: Bigger than the Black-headed and Brown-headed Gulls, lacking the black ear coverts present in those two species. Bill yellow, with red base near the tip. Separation of this species from the other Larus gulls (Slaty-backed Gull and Black-tailed Gull being very unlikely, but possible species in Singapore) requires careful examination.
Habitat: Coastal areas, open seas.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Any suitable site along the coast or open seas.
BirdLife International. (2019). Larus fuscus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Burger, J., Gochfeld, M., Kirwan, G. M., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (2020). Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds). Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.lbbgul.01
Eaton, J. A., van Balen, S., Brickle, N. W., & Rheindt, F. E. (2021). Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago: Greater Sundas and Wallacea (Second Edition). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona