Lesser Black-backed Gull

Scientific Name: Larus fuscus

Malay Name: Camar-Titik Erasia

Chinese Name: 小黑背鸥

Range: Breeds in North America and the western Palearctic. Winters along the coasts from west Africa, the middle east, and the Indian subcontinent. Rare in east and southeast Asia.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: graellsii, intermedius, fuscus, heuglini, barabensis.

Local Subspecies: heuglini

Size: 58-65cm

Identification: From other gulls that have been recorded in Singapore before: Bigger than the Black-headed and Brown-headed Gulls, lacking the black ear coverts present in those two species. Bill yellow, with red base near the tip. Separation of this species from the other Larus gulls (Slaty-backed Gull and Black-tailed Gull being very unlikely, but possible species in Singapore) requires careful examination.

Similar looking species: Brown-headed Gull, Black-headed Gull

Habitat: Coastal areas, open seas.


Local Status: Very rare vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019 Larus fuscus)

Location: Any suitable site along the coast or open seas.

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.


BirdLife International 2019. Larus fuscus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019.. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Burger, J., Gochfeld, M., Kirwan, G. M., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (2020). Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds). Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.lbbgul.01

Eaton, J. A., van Balen, S., Brickle, N. W., & Rheindt, F. E. (2021). Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago: Greater Sundas and Wallacea (Second Edition). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

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