Lesser Adjutant

Scientific Name: Leptoptilos javanicus

Malay Name: Burung-Botak Kecil

Chinese Name: 秃鹳

Range: Found from Indian subcontinent, China, mainland Southeast Asia to Indonesia.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 122.5-129 cm

Identification: Large bird with mostly horn-coloured bill, pale forehead, vinous-tinged head-sides (redder when breeding), yellowish neck, glossy black upperparts, white underparts and dark greyish legs. Shows all blackish wings with white patch on inner underwing coverts in flight.

Habitat: Freshwater wetlands, mangroves and sometimes mudflats.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds mainly on fish, frogs, reptiles and large invertebrates. Usually solitary except during breeding season when they form loose colonies.

Local Status: Uncommon resident

Conservation Status: Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Western Catchment Area, Sungei Buloh, Turuk Track and Punggol Barat.


BirdLife International. (2017). Leptoptilos javanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22697713A110481858.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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