Lesser Adjutant

Scientific Name: Leptoptilos javanicus
Malay Name: Burung-Botak Kecil
Chinese Name: 秃鹳

Found from Indian subcontinent, China, mainland Southeast Asia to Indonesia.


Size: 122.5-129 cm

Large bird with mostly horn-coloured bill, pale forehead, vinous-tinged head-sides (redder when breeding), yellowish neck, glossy black upperparts, white underparts and dark greyish legs. Shows all blackish wings with white patch on inner underwing coverts in flight.

Habitat: Freshwater wetlands, mangroves and sometimes mudflats.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds mainly on fish, frogs, reptiles and large invertebrates. Usually solitary except during breeding season when they form loose colonies.

Local Status: Rare resident

Conservation Status: Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Western Catchment Area, Sungei Buloh, Turuk Track and Punggol Barat.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

BirdLife International. (2017). Leptoptilos javanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.