Scientific Name: Leptoptilos javanicus
Malay Name: Botak Kecil
Chinese Name: 秃鹳
Found from Indian subcontinent, China, mainland Southeast Asia to Indonesia.
Size: 122.5-129 cm
Identification: Large bird with mostly horn-coloured bill, pale forehead, vinous-tinged head-sides (redder when breeding), yellowish neck, glossy black upperparts, white underparts and dark greyish legs. Shows all blackish wings with white patch on inner underwing coverts in flight.
Habitat: Freshwater wetlands, mangroves and sometimes mudflats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds mainly on fish, frogs, reptiles and large invertebrates. Usually solitary except during breeding season when they form loose colonies.
Local Status: Rare resident
Conservation Status: Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Western Catchment Area, Sungei Buloh, Turuk Track and Punggol Barat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia