Scientific Name: Ardea intermedia
Malay Name: Bangau Sederhana
Chinese Name: 中白鹭
Alternative Name(s): Yellow-billed Egret
Range: Found from sub-Saharan Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, Indochina, Indonesia to Australia with most northerly populations winter to Southeast Asia.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: brachyrhyncha, intermedia, plumifera.
Local Subspecies: intermedia
Size: 65-72 cm
Identification: Non-breeding adult is distinguished from similar looking Great Egret by smaller size, considerably shorter bill, shorter and less distinctly kinked neck. Also resembles Eastern Cattle Egret but much larger, has thinner neck and longer/darker legs. Breeding adult has longish plumes at back and breast, yellowish bill sometimes with black on tip and ridge of upper mandible. Juvenile resemble non-breeding adult.
Similar looking species: Eastern Cattle Egret, Great Egret, Little Egret, Pacific Reef Heron, Chinese Egret
Habitat: Various inland freshwater habitats, marshy grasslands and occasionally mangroves and mudflats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Often hunts and roosts with other egrets species and herons.
Local Status: Common migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2020)
Location: Kranji Marsh, Punggol Barat, Seletar Grassland, Sungei Buloh and any other suitable patch of habitat.
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Intermediate Egret)
BirdLife International. (2020). Ardea intermedia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22727668A181757896.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Intermediate Egret. Retrieved on May 30, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/intermediate-egret.