Green Sandpiper

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Tringa ochropus

Malay Name: Kedidi-Hijau Erasia

Chinese Name: 白腰草鹬

Range: Breeds across the Palearctic, from Scandinavia east to eastern Siberia; winters in western Europe, tropical Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, southern China, and southeast Asia.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 21-24 cm

Identification: A medium-sized sandpiper with dark upperparts and contrasting clean white underparts. Most likely to be confused with Common Sandpiper and Wood Sandpiper. Best told from Common Sandpiper by longer bill, significantly longer legs, and dark (rather than white) outer breast which forms a dark "strip" across the whole breast (while Common appears to show a "bib"). From Wood Sandpiper, told by noticeably darker upperparts with less pale spotting, much darker breast, and supercilium which does not extend behind the eye (or only faintly present behind the eye, at best).

Similar looking species: Wood Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper

Habitat: Inland freshwater areas, such as canals and marshes; also intertidal areas on occasion.

Behaviour/Ecology: Typically associates with Wood Sandpipers in freshwater habitat, where it is normally difficult to tell apart from that species. Stance and feeding action closer to Wood than to Common Sandpiper.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Records currently under review are also not displayed. For a full list, click here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2016). Tringa ochropus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P., and Kirwan, G. M. (2020). Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.