Eurasian Wigeon

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Mareca penelope

Malay Name: Itik-Bersiul Kepala Merah

Chinese Name: 赤颈鸭

Range: Found throughout northern temperate Europe and Asia, wintering to equatorial Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia and the Philippines.

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 45-51 cm

Identification: Male has bright chestnut head with broad yellowish median stripe, pinkish breast and mostly greyish remaining of body with black vent. Female has rather plain dark brownish head and neck, shortish pale grey bill with black tip and chestnut-tinged breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles female.

Habitat: Mudflats, mangroves, marshes and various wetland habitats.

Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps to shallow waterside vegetation, feeding on small aquatic plants.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)

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Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2017). Mareca penelope. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.