Scientific Name: Mareca penelope
Malay Name: Itik-Bersiul Kepala Merah
Chinese Name: 赤颈鸭 (chì-jǐng yā)
Found throughout northern temperate Europe and Asia, wintering to equatorial Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
Size: 45-51 cm
Identification: Male has bright chestnut head with broad yellowish median stripe, pinkish breast and mostly greyish remaining of body with black vent. Female has rather plain dark brownish head and neck, shortish pale grey bill with black tip and chestnut-tinged breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles female.
Habitat: Mudflats, mangroves, marshes and various wetland habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps to shallow waterside vegetation, feeding on small aquatic plants.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Only one record of an immature female associating with Whimbrel flocks in prawn ponds, mudflats and mangroves at Sungei Buloh from December 1986 to February 1987.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore