Scientific Name: Mareca penelope
Malay Name: Itik-Bersiul Kepala Merah
Chinese Name: 赤颈鸭
Found throughout northern temperate Europe and Asia, wintering to equatorial Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
Size: 45-51 cm
Male has bright chestnut head with broad yellowish median stripe, pinkish breast and mostly greyish remaining of body with black vent. Female has rather plain dark brownish head and neck, shortish pale grey bill with black tip and chestnut-tinged breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles female.
Habitat: Mudflats, mangroves, marshes and various wetland habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps to shallow waterside vegetation, feeding on small aquatic plants.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
Location: One record of an immature female associating with Whimbrel flocks in prawn ponds, mudflats and mangroves at Sungei Buloh from December 1986 to February 1987. Another record at Kranji Marshes on 23 December 2018.
BirdLife International. (2017). Mareca penelope. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.