Scientific Name: Mareca penelope
Malay Name: Itik-Bersiul Kepala Merah
Chinese Name: 赤颈鸭
Found throughout northern temperate Europe and Asia, wintering to equatorial Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
Size: 45-51 cm
Male has bright chestnut head with broad yellowish median stripe, pinkish breast and mostly greyish remaining of body with black vent. Female has rather plain dark brownish head and neck, shortish pale grey bill with black tip and chestnut-tinged breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles female.
Habitat: Mudflats, mangroves, marshes and various wetland habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps to shallow waterside vegetation, feeding on small aquatic plants.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
- Bird List Revision for August 2017 (Revisions)
Past accepted records in our database:
Past records, bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2017). Mareca penelope. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22680157A111892532.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.