Scientific Name: Aquila heliaca
Malay Name: Helang Tengkuk Kuning Biasa
Chinese Name: 白肩雕
Range: Found from southeast Europe to central Asia, Indian subcontinent, northwest China, Mongolia and central Siberia with the more northern populations wintering to Africa, Middle East, Pakistan, Indian subcontinent, southern China and mainland Southeast Asia
Size: 72-83 cm
Identification: Adult has blackish brown plumage with large head and bill, golden buff supercilium, ear-coverts, nape and hind neck, prominent white markings on upper scapulars and pale undertail-coverts. Juvenile has buffish plumage with distinctive dark streaks on nape, neck, breast and wing coverts (above and below) and dark flight feathers.
Similar looking species: Greater Spotted Eagle, Steppe Eagle
Habitat: Reclaimed land and open country near the coasts.
Behaviour/Ecology: Takes carrion.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2019)
Featured reports: Nov 2022
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Imperial Eagle)
BirdLife International. (2019). Aquila heliaca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22696048A155464885.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Eastern Imperial Eagle. Retrieved on June 2, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/eastern-imperial-eagle.