Scientific Name: Motacilla citreola
Malay Name: Pipit-Batu Kepala Kuning
Chinese Name: 黄头鹡鸰
Range: Widespread across breeding range from Europe to Asia, wintering range includes India and southeastern Asia.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: citreola, calcarata.
Size: 16.5-20 cm
Identification: Compared to Eastern Yellow Wagtail and Grey Wagtail, key feature to look out for in non-breeding individuals is the supercilium wrapping around ear coverts and connecting to throat, creating the appearance of a distinct, isolated "cheek patch".
Habitat: Marshes, fields, and coastal habitats, prefers wet habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Similar to other wagtails, forages on ground and wags tail while moving. Can be spotted in flight with undulating flight.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2019). Motacilla citreola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22718379A154492004.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Citrine Wagtail. Retrieved on December 6, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/citrine-wagtail.