Scientific Name: Aegypius monachus
Malay Name: Hering Hitam
Chinese Name: 秃鹫
Large contiguous breeding range across the Himalayas to Mongolia and North-east China. Winters mainly in Northern India and Middle East, small numbers in Korea. Also some disjunct breeding population towards France. Vagrant to Southeast Asia.
Large, sooty vulture, with hefty bi-coloured bill and wedge-shaped tail. Head has dark down feathers with blueish-grey patches of bare skin. Juveniles have blacker plumage, with bare skin pinkish instead of blueish-grey. Told apart from Himalayan Vulture by darker plumage, larger bill, and presence of dark down feathers on head.
Similar looking species: Himalayan Vulture
Habitat: Hill/mountain forests, scrub, meadows and grasslands.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on carrion, likely to hunt mainly by vision.
Local Status: Probable vagrant
Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2021)
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Past accepted records in our database:
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2021). Aegypius monachus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22695231A154915043.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Meyburg, B.-U, Christie, D. A., Kirwan, G. M., & Marks, J. S. (2020). Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.cinvul1.01
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.