Scientific Name: Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Malay Name: Camar-Topeng Asia
Chinese Name: 棕头鸥
Range: Found from central Asia to northern China, wintering to Indian subcontinent, southern China and mainland Southeast Asia
Size: 42-46 cm
Identification: Breeding/non-breeding adult and juvenile resembles Black-headed Gull but is larger, bulkier and thicker-billed with pale eyes. In flight, shows distinctive broadly black-tipped outer primaries.
Similar looking species: Black-headed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull
Habitat: Mudflat and other coastal habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Rests on mudflats with Black-headed Gull as well as terns and other shorebirds. Often rests buoyantly on the sea.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Brown-headed Gull)
BirdLife International. (2018). Larus brunnicephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22694384A132547071.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Brown-headed Gull. Retrieved on June 1, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/brown-headed-gull.