Brown Hawk-Owl

Scientific Name: Ninox scutulata
Malay Name: Pungguk Betemak Biasa
Chinese Name: 鹰鸮

Range:
Breeding Range: (OR, EU) e Asia through Orient Nonbreeding Range: Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: lugubris, burmanica, hirsuta, isolata, rexpimenti, scutulata, javanensis, borneensis, palawanensis.

Local Subspecies: scutulata

Size: 30-31 cm

Identification:
Larger than the local scops owls with a proportionally smaller head. Overall brown colouration with large, yellow eyes and small, white patch above bill. Field identification from Northern Hawk-owl is tricky with the local subspecies generally presenting more heart-shaped brown streaking on its white underparts compared to the more teardrop-shaped streaking of the migrant Northern.

Similar looking species: Northern Boobook

Habitat: Secondary and primary forest habitats. It can be seen in many nature parks adjacent to the central nature reserves. 

Behaviour/Ecology: This species along with many other hawk-owls often duets in pairs.

Local Status: Uncommon resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)

Location: Central nature reserves and adjacent nature parks. 

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Brown Boobook)

References:
BirdLife International. (2021). Ninox scutulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22725643A200685229.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.