Scientific Name: Hirundapus giganteus
Malay Name: Layang-layang Besar Biasa
Chinese Name: 褐背针尾雨燕
Found from Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: indicus, giganteus.
Local Subspecies: giganteus, indicus
Size: 21-24.5 cm
Migratory subspecies indicus looks bulky and has mostly blackish body, distinctive white lower flanks and vent, brownish saddle on lower mantle and white loral spot. The resident subspecies of Thai-Malay Peninsula giganteus is larger than indicus and lacks the white loral spot.
Habitat: Forested and open areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Has fast gliding flight, wings make loud whooshing sound when zooming overhead.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (Summit), Jelutong Tower and Chinese Garden.
BirdLife International. (2016). Hirundapus giganteus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22686687A93122111.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.