Scientific Name: Hirundapus giganteus
Malay Name: Layang-layang Besar Biasa
Chinese Name: 褐背针尾雨燕
Found from Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: indicus, giganteus
Local Subspecies: indicus, giganteus
Size: 21-24.5 cm
Identification: Migratory subspecies indicus looks bulky and has mostly blackish body, distinctive white lower flanks and vent, brownish saddle on lower mantle and white loral spot. The resident subspecies of Thai-Malay Peninsula giganteus is larger than indicus and lacks the white loral spot.
Habitat: Forested and open areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Has fast gliding flight, wings make loud whooshing sound when zooming overhead.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (Summit), Jelutong Tower and Chinese Garden.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia