Scientific Name: Limosa limosa
Malay Name: Kedidi-Raja Ekor Hitam
Chinese Name: 黑尾塍鹬
Breeds in Palearctic and northern China. Winters in Africa, Asia and Australasia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: islandica, limosa, melanuroides, bohaii.
Local Subspecies: melanuroides
Size: 36-40 cm
A fairly large wader with long blackish legs, rather long neck, long straight bi-coloured bill: pink at the base and black towards the tip. Breeding plumage has bright reddish-rufous head and breast, dark barring on belly. Non-breeding plumage has plain grayish head, breast and upperparts, unlike the streaked breast and back of the Bar-tailed Godwit. In flight shows bold white upperwing bars, white rump and black tail.
Habitat: Musflats, sandflats, coastal pools, sometimes wet paddy fields.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually found in flocks. Feeds mainly by wading in deeper water, probing with its long bill.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2017)
BirdLife International. (2017). Limosa limosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22693150A111611637.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.