Scientific Name: Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Malay Name: Camar-Topeng Erasia
Chinese Name: 红嘴鸥
Range: Found from Europe to Asia and eastern Canada wintering to northern Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, Southeast Asia and eastern North America
Size: 35-39 cm
Identification: Non-breeding adult has mostly white head with prominent dark ear spots, white nape and underparts, pale grey mantle, dark eyes, reddish bill with black tip and dark red legs/feet. Breeding adult has dark brown hood with broken white eyering and darker red bill. First winter bird resembles non-breeding adult but has duller bill and legs, buff-brown markings on upperwings and blackish subterminal tail-band.
Habitat: Mudflat and other coastal habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on varied food items such as aquatic and terrestrial insects, earthworms, marine invertebrates, some fish, grains and berries.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
Featured reports: Dec 2022
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2018). Larus ridibundus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22694420A132548687.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Black-headed Gull. Retrieved on December 1, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/black-headed-gull.