Black-capped Kingfisher

Scientific Name: Halcyon pileata
Malay Name: Pekaka Ubun Hitam
Chinese Name: 蓝翡翠

Found from China, Korea to Japan with more northerly populations wintering to Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia


Size: 29-31.5 cm

Adult has black crown and head-sides, white collar, throat and upper-breast, dull rufous rest of underparts, thick red bill and deep blue upperparts with mostly black wing-coverts. Shows large white patch on primaries when seen in flight. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller blue upperparts and dark vermiculations on sides of throat and breast.

Similar looking species: White-throated Kingfisher

Habitat: Mangroves, various coastal and inland wetlands., gardens and wooded areas

Behaviour/Ecology: Diet consists mostly of fish, lizard, frog and large insects.

Local Status: Uncommon migrant

Conservation Status: Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2022)

Location: Sungei Buloh, Kranji Marsh, Pulau Ubin, Bidadari, Chinese Garden, Pasir Ris Park, Pasir Ris Farmway 3, Lorong Halus, West Coast Park and Tuas South.

Featured reports: Apr 2022, Oct 2022, Nov 2022, Dec 2022

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

BirdLife International. (2022). Halcyon pileata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.